#Chile: #Copper and #Lithium Giant Squeezing Water Rights for Miners


In a belated response to falling fresh-water levels in desert areas, Chile is moving to protect a natural resource that has been depleted after decades of mining activity.

With complaints from local communities rising and the effects of climate change worsening, the world’s largest copper producer is planning to implement measures that will make it more difficult for miners to pump fresh water.

Read more at: https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-02-21/chile-squeezing-water-rights-for-copper-lithium-miners-in-north

#India, #China contribute most to global greenery: #NASA


WASHINGTON: India and China are leading the way in greening lands, thanks to ambitious tree-planting programs and intensive agriculture in both countries, NASA satellite data has shown.

The world is getting literally greener than it was 20 years ago, the study published in the latest edition in Nature Sustainability said.

It showed that at least 25 per cent of the global foliage expansion since the early 2000s came from China, with India close behind.

This surprising new development detected by NASA satellites showed that the two nations with the world’s biggest populations were leading the way with their ambitious tree planting programs and intensive agriculture.

Read more at:

#Nasdaq: #Bolivia picks #Chinese partner for $2.3 bln #Lithium project


#LA PAZ, Feb 6 (#Reuters) – #Bolivia has chosen a #Chinese consortium to help it produce #Lithium, the government, giving #China a potential foothold in the country’s huge untapped reserves of the prized electric battery metal.

China’s Xinjiang TBEA Group Co Ltd will hold a 49 percent stake in a joint venture with Bolivia’s state lithium company YLB, the Bolivian firm said. Together, the two companies will produce lithium and other materials from the Coipasa and Pastos Grandes salt flats in the Bolivian Andes, with an estimated investment of at least $2.3 billion.

Read more at: https://www.nasdaq.com/article/bolivia-picks-chinese-partner-for-23-bln-lithium-project-20190206-00951

Billionaire Robert Friedland Plans World’s No. 2 #Copper Mine


Billionaire investor Robert Friedland said the copper deposit Ivanhoe Mines Ltd. is developing in the Democratic Republic of Congo has the potential to become the world’s No. 2 mine for the metal.

“Kamoa-Kakula will become the world’s second-largest copper mine with peak annual production of more than 700,000 tons of copper metal,” Ivanhoe founder Friedland said Wednesday at a mining conference in Cape Town.

Friedland announced the findings of an independent pre-feasibility study after Ivanhoe invested $800 million in exploration and development. The capacity of the project’s first phase, producing 6 million tons of ore a year, could later be tripled, the company said. Initial mine grades will average 6.8 percent copper, with production expected to start in 2021.

Read more at: https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-02-06/ivanhoe-says-congo-project-can-become-world-s-no-2-copper-mine-jrt295uf

#Indonesia plans electric vehicle incentives for foreign car makers


#JAKARTA, Jan 29 (#Reuters) – #Indonesia is finalizing a new electric vehicle (#EV) policy that will offer fiscal incentives to foreign car makers, as it ramps up efforts to become a #Lithium battery hub, its deputy industry minister said on Tuesday.

“Our target is for 20 percent of all cars produced in Indonesia to be electric vehicles by 2025,” Harjanto said, adding he had been in talks with Japanese and Korean car makers.

Indonesia, second largest car production hub in Southeast Asia after Thailand, plans to introduce a fiscal scheme that will offer tax cuts to EV battery producers and automakers, as well as preferential tariff agreements with other countries that have a high EV demand, the deputy minister told reporters.

Read more at: https://www.nasdaq.com/article/indonesia-plans-electric-vehicle-incentives-for-foreign-car-makers-20190129-00217

Energy From Fusion In Two Years, CEO Says, Commercialization In Five


TAE TTAE Technologies will bring a fusion-reactor technology to commercialization in the next five years, its CEO announced recently at the University of California, Irvine.echnologies will bring a fusion-reactor technology to commercialization in the next five years, its CEO announced recently at the University of California, Irvine.

That trajectory is considerably sooner than Binderbauer described when he took over as CEO in 2017. It would put TAE ahead of two formidable competitors. The 35-nation ITER project expects to complete its demonstration reactor in France in 2025. Vancouver-based General Fusion Inc. is devoting the next five years, with support from the Canadian government, to developing a prototype of its fusion reactor. And the Massachusetts Institute of Technology announced last March that it expects to bring its fusion reactor to market in ten years.

Read more at: https://www.forbes.com/sites/jeffmcmahon/2019/01/14/private-firm-will-bring-fusion-reactor-to-market-within-five-years-ceo-says/#6ae172c61d4a


#Swedish research multiplies the life of rechargeable #NiMH batteries


Researchers at #Stockholm University have developed a method to multiply the lifespan of nickel-metal hydride batteries. This means that the batteries can handle a great many more charging cycles without losing capacity. The new method also means that the batteries can easily be restored once they have begun to wear out, unlike other rechargeable batteries that must be melted down for recycling.

Most rechargeable batteries are based on either lead, nickel-cadmium (NiCd) or various combinations with lithium. Batteries based on nickel-metal hydride (NiMH) with an aqueous electrolyte are both eco-friendly and safe. The NiMH battery is developed from the nickel-hydrogen battery (NiH2). It has long been known that (NiH2) batteries have a superior lifespan compared to other battery types. This is why they are (for example) used in satellites in orbit in space, where the batteries must function for decades without servicing. The Hubble space telescope is one example, but NiH2 batteries are also spinning around our neighboring planets. However, these structures of the batteries are impractically large, because the hydrogen is stored in gas tanks. NiMH batteries can be made much more compact, because the hydrogen is stored in a metal alloy/metal hydride with a hydrogen density equivalent to that of liquid hydrogen. Researchers at Stockholm University has now developed a technique by which to achieve the same long lifespan for NiMH batteries as in the large NiH2 batteries.

The inspiration for the new technology came from a new NiMH battery manufactured by Nilar AB in Gävle.
Read more at: https://phys.org/news/2018-12-swedish-life-rechargeable-nimh-batteries.html#jCp

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